In Ukraine, the 101 begins. war day. When is it time to get back to the negotiating table? Western countries are starting to think about it. The developments at a glance:
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy 100 days after the Russian invasion of his country professed faith in victory. There are three things his compatriots are fighting for: peace, victory, Ukraine, Zelenskyy said in his video speech.
This was recorded outdoors in front of his official residence in Kyiv. Russian President Vladimir Putin had on 24. February ordered the attack on the neighboring country. So, for Ukraine, Saturday is 1990. Day of War.
Representatives of his country would only sit down again at the negotiating table when their military position was stronger, said Ukraine’s chief negotiator Dawyd Arakhamiya. A break in negotiations would be better as long as heavy fighting was raging in the east of the country. There, in the city of Sieverodonetsk in the Donbass, Russian and Ukrainian soldiers continued to fight for every street. At the same time, the Ukrainian military, according to its own statements, observed a gathering of Russian troops who are apparently planning to attack the city of Sloviansk.
100 Words of bitterness War Experience
“Exactly 100 days ago we woke up to a new reality,” Zelenskyy said in the speech. He described the experience of war using 100 words that Ukrainians should have learned.
These included terrible terms like rocket hits, ruins, deportation. Place names associated with war atrocities were added, such as Hostomel, Bucha or Mariupol, the names of Russian, Ukrainian and foreign weapon systems. But there are also positive words: reconstruction, return, liberation.
Before the attack, the Russian army had a reputation as the second strongest in the world, Zelenskyy said. “What’s left of her?” he asked: “War crimes, shame and hatred.” But Ukraine existed, it exists and will exist.
Guterres calls for an end to violence in Ukraine
UN Secretary-General António Guterres called for an immediate end to the violence. In a statement on Friday (local time), he also emphasized that a solution to the conflict would require negotiations and dialogue. The United Nations would support any such effort. “The sooner the parties make genuine efforts to end this war, the better for Ukraine, Russia and the world,” Guterres wrote.
Guterres called for unhindered access for humanitarian workers to all those in need. In addition, civilians trapped in combat zones should be evacuated, civilians should be protected and human rights should be respected in line with international norms, Guterres said.
The next battle in Donbass?
In the battle for the city of Sievjerodonetsk in the eastern Ukrainian region of Luhansk, Russia continued the attacks with the help of fresh reserves, according to Ukrainian sources. “The enemy, with artillery support, is carrying out assault operations in the village of Sieverodonetsk, has strengthened its grouping with the mobile reserve of the 2nd army corps, fighting in the city is ongoing,” said the Ukrainian General Staff in its situation report on Saturday.
Sloviansk is part of the eastern Ukrainian administrative region of Donetsk, which Russia is committed to conquering completely. The city is also in the rear of the city of Sievjerodonetsk in the Luhansk region, which has been fought over for days.
Ukraine only wants to negotiate from a stronger position
The chief negotiator in Kiev, Arakhamiya, said on Ukrainian television: “Negotiations should continue when our negotiating position is strengthened.” Above all, Ukraine is getting stronger “that the weapons that we are constantly being promised by international partners are finally arriving in sufficient quantities”.
The faction leader of the presidential party Servant of the People led the Kiev delegation in talks with Russia in the first weeks of the war. However, the contact ebbed away when, following the withdrawal of Russian soldiers, atrocities in Kiev suburbs such as Bucha became known. Selenskyj does not want to negotiate again until Russian troops withdraw to their pre-war positions. He also wants to speak directly to Putin, which Russia has so far refused to do.
According to a CNN report, the USA, Great Britain and European allies have been discussing how the war could be ended through a negotiated solution in the past few weeks. According to the information, it was also about a proposal that Italy had submitted in May.
According to this, Ukraine should remain militarily neutral, i.e. not join NATO and receive security guarantees in return. Kyiv and Moscow should agree in negotiations on the Crimean peninsula annexed by Russia and the separatist areas in Donbass.
African Union pushes for end of grain blockade
One consequence of the war is the loss of grain supplies from Ukraine, which threatens to lead to famine, especially in Africa. At a meeting with Putin, African Union (AU) President Macky Sall insisted on ending the blockade on exports. According to his interpretation of the conversation, Putin was ready to ensure the export of wheat and fertilizers to the African continent.
Putin denied any responsibility for the shortage of grain on the world market. The crisis had already begun before the war, which, according to official terminology in Russia, is called a special military operation. It is not his country that is preventing wheat exports from Ukraine, Putin said on television. Ukraine should remove the mines off its ports on the Black Sea coast. The Russian army will not use this for attacks, he promised.
Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba said Ukraine is ready to start exporting grain again through the port of Odessa. But there is no guarantee from Russia that this will not be used for an attack. “We are looking for solutions with the UN and other partners.”
The day will bring
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov is expected to visit Belgrade – the capital of Serbia, which has had close ties with Russia since the 1990s.
For energy sources such as gas and oil, the Balkan country is heavily dependent on the eastern superpower. So far, it has not joined the EU sanctions against Russia. The European Union, on the other hand, views the close ties between accession candidate Serbia and Moscow with suspicion. (dpa)